National Education Policy 2020
NEP 2020 suggests doing away with the existing 10+2 system and replacing it with a 5+3+3+4 system. Here is what the new pedagogical structure means, its various stages and impact on existing students explained.
One of the key announcements of the new National Education Policy, NEP 2020 has been the break-down of the existing 10+2 structure and introduction of the 5+3+3+4 structure of School Education. The policy aims at transforming circular and pedagogical structure from the existing 10 years + 2 years to a more inclusive foundational to secondary stage transition. While the actual system would not change, in terms of the years a child spends within the formal education system in the country at school level, the new structure brings into fold the already existing play schools within the ambit of ‘formal education’. The new structure and comparison of the two explained below.
To begin with, the actual number of years remain the same and this does not mean additional years. It can be perhaps looked at play school, nursery or kindergarten classes combined with classes 1 and 2. Here’s a look at the new pedagogical structure proposed in comparison to the existing one.
Today, a student (in most urban cities) enter formal education at the age of 3 by means of play schools. Then he/she moves to a ‘school’ which is a K12 institution – Kindergarten 1 and 2 and 12 years of secondary then higher secondary education. The new structure now proposes dividing the same structure into cognitive developmental stages of the child – early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
The 5+3+3+4 structure corresponds to the following
Apart from the structure, the NEP also proposes a considerable change in the examination structure. Key stage assessments (at Grades 3, 5 and 8) would be conducted to track the development of the child. As for the secondary stage, the board examinations would be reformed. They would be made easier where students would be tested on the core capabilities. Instead of just one board, a more modular model to be explored and is expected to be in place by 2022-23.
Our take on the changes
It is a progressive shift towards a more scientific approach to education. The 5+3+3+4 structure walks with the ability of the child – stages of cognitive development as well as social and physical awareness. If implemented in its true vision, the new structure would bring India at par with the leading countries of the world.